Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Lest We Forget

Interested in the Civil War? Time has marched past, but we should always remember this time in our country's history. Follow the link to see some amazing pictures.......

Click here

and, perhaps learn some history.

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Tuesday, December 30, 2008

The Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum Announces New Sunday Operating Hours

Due to the current economic downturn, it has become necessary for the Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum to make operational changes.The Atlanta Cyclorama will be open on Sunday from 12 noon until 4:00 pm, and will continue to be open from 8:30 am until 5:00 pm, Tuesday thru Saturday... Click to read: The Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum Announces New Sunday Operating Hours

Monday, December 29, 2008

National Federation of the Blind Celebrates the 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Louis Braille

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The National Federation of the Blind (NFB), the nation's largest and oldest organization of blind people, will hold events nationwide on Sunday, January 4, 2009, to promote Braille literacy and help celebrate the two-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille (1809-1852), the inventor of the reading and writing code for the blind that bears his name. In over one hundred bookstores, libraries, and other venues all across the nation, National Federation of the Blind representatives will demonstrate Braille and the power of Braille literacy.

"There can be no doubt that the ability to read and write Braille competently and efficiently is the key to education, employment, and success for the blind. Despite the undisputed value of Braille, only about 10 percent of blind children in the United States are currently learning it. These events will help raise awareness of the importance of Braille literacy and are an integral part of our nationwide campaign to reverse the downward trend in Braille literacy and to ensure that equal opportunities in education and employment are available to all of the nation's blind," said Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind.

The events are being held nationwide as part of the National Federation of the Blind's Braille Readers are Leaders campaign, a national initiative to promote the importance of reading and writing Braille for blind children and adults. The Braille Readers are Leaders campaign kicked off in July of 2008 with the unveiling of the design of a commemorative coin to be minted in 2009 in recognition of the two-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille. The commemorative coin design will also be previewed at the events.

For more information about the Braille Readers are Leaders campaign, please visit www.braille.org. To find out about events in your area, please contact Fredric Schroeder at fschroeder@nfb.org.

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Wednesday, December 24, 2008

National Archives Celebrates Lincoln's Bicentennial in February

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The National Archives will celebrate the 200th anniversary of President Abraham Lincoln's birth in February 2009 with a special showing of the original Emancipation Proclamation, as well as programs, lectures and films. These events are free and open to the public and will be held at the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C., which is located on the National Mall at Constitution Ave. between 7th and 9th Streets, N.W., and is fully accessible. National Archives Experience Exhibit Hours are 10 a.m.-5:30 p.m. daily.

The Emancipation Proclamation!

**February 12-16, 2009 - Featured Document Display: The Emancipation Proclamation**

Thursday, February 12 through Monday, February 16, 2009
National Archives East Rotunda Gallery

In celebration of Lincoln's birthday and the Presidents' Day holiday, the National Archives will display the original Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Lincoln. The special display of the Emancipation Proclamation is free and open to the public.

Special hours: Open extended hours until 6:30 p.m. on February 14-16 for viewing of the Emancipation Proclamation. Last admission is 30 minutes prior to closing.

Saturday, February 7, 2009, noon to 3 p.m.
Abraham Lincoln Family Day
Noon to 3 pm, throughout the National Archives Experience

Join the National Archives Experience in celebrating the bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth with "hands-on" activities featuring the life and times of Abraham Lincoln, including:

-- Create Your Own "Presidential Proclamation" (Lawrence F. O'Brien
Gallery Lobby)
-- Archival Adventures (Boeing Learning Center)
-- Decipher Secret Telegrams Sent to the Union Army (Presidential
Conference Room Lobby)
-- Listen to Stories About Abraham Lincoln, Especially for Younger
Audiences (Madison Room)
-- Don a Top Hat and Beard and Step Up to the Podium to Declare the
Gettysburg Address (Jefferson Room)
-- Build Your Own Log Cabin (Jefferson Room)
-- Play Games from the Lincoln Era and Create Your Own Whirligig
(Jefferson Room)
-- Meet President Abraham Lincoln and First Lady Mary Lincoln
-- Listen to the Songs of Lincoln's Era

Monday, February, 9, 2009, at noon
Lecture: Lincoln the Inventor
Noon, Washington Room

Abraham Lincoln is the only President to hold a patent. Jason Emerson, author of Lincoln the Inventor, is the first historian to treat the subject of Lincoln's "device to buoy vessels over shoals" as more than a historical footnote. While detailing and examining this mostly unknown aspect of Lincoln's life, Emerson also discusses how Lincoln's penchant for inventions and inventiveness helped to shape his political beliefs. A book signing will follow the program.

Thursday, February 12, 2009, at 6 pm
Lecture and discussion with Senator George McGovern on Abraham Lincoln
6 pm, William G. McGowan Theater

Author discussion with political figure, veteran, and historian Senator George McGovern speaking on his book, Abraham Lincoln, the latest in the Times Books American Presidents series. Sean Wilentz, editor of this series, will join Senator McGovern in the discussion. A book signing will follow the program. Please note the time change from usual evening programs; this program begins at 6 p.m.

Saturday, February, 14, 2009, at noon
Film: Young Mr. Lincoln
Noon, William G. McGowan Theater

The film Young Mr. Lincoln follows a 10-year period in Lincoln's life before he became known to his nation and the world. From his boyhood days to his early law practice, director John Ford tells the story of the man who would eventually become known as "The Great Emancipator." Stars Henry Fonda. (100 min., 1939)

Related Exhibition
Public Vaults permanent exhibition

The Public Vaults exhibition of the National Archives Experience features a Lincoln telegram, an image of Lincoln and his general after Antietam, a facsimile of all five pages of the Emancipation Proclamation, a letter congratulating Lincoln on his re-election, and an interactive exhibit about the Lincoln assassination and the Booth conspiracy.

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Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Indian Burial Site Sheds Light on Prehistoric Indian Culture

The recent excavation of a prehistoric American Indian burial site on Ossabaw Island revealed cremated remains, an unexpected find that offers a glimpse into ancient Indian culture along Georgia’s coast.

State archaeologist David Crass of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources said prehistoric cremations were rare, particularly during the early time in which preliminary evidence suggests this one occurred, possibly 1000 B.C. to A.D. 350. The remains also mark the first cremation uncovered on Ossabaw, a state-owned Heritage Preserve about 20 miles south of Savannah.

“This interment broadens our knowledge about … the kinds of belief (involving) death within the Woodland Period,” Crass said. “This is not something we have seen before on Ossabaw Island. Similar cremations on St. Catherine’s Island may point to this practice being more widespread than we have believed up to now.”

Crass said during this time American Indians in Georgia moved to the coast in the winter for shellfish, then inland in the spring for deer hunting and into uplands in the fall for gathering nuts. “This site may have been a winter season camp,” he said.

Erosion from natural causes exposed the burial on an Ossabaw bluff earlier this year. Scientists from the DNR Office of the State Archaeologist, the non-profit Lamar Institute and the Georgia Council on American Indian Concerns worked under the council’s direction to excavate the roughly 6- by 6-foot pit. As required by state law, Crass informed the council about the situation and organized the excavation at the group’s request.

The work on Georgia’s third-largest barrier island revealed a cremation pit that had been lined with wood and oyster shells. The body had been placed on top of the wood and the contents of the pit burned. The human remains recovered were primarily from extremities, indicating that the deceased had been disinterred after cremation, possibly to be reburied elsewhere.

The charcoal will be submitted for carbon 14 dating, but preliminary analysis of the pottery recovered from the pit suggests the cremation may date to the Refuge-Deptford Phases in the Woodland Period, c.a. 1000 B.C. to A.D. 350. A ground-penetrating radar survey showed many prehistoric American Indian features in the general area, Crass said. The bluff apparently had long been a focal point of prehistoric Indian life.

After analysis, the remains will be reinterred in a secure location under the auspices of the Council on American Indian Concerns. Crass expects the carbon 14 dating results and details on the radar survey by early next year.

Human history runs deep on Ossabaw. Shell mounds and other artifacts here date to 2000 B.C. More than 230 archaeological sites have been recorded. Spanish records indicate the island probably had an early Guale Indian village, according to The New Georgia Encyclopedia. But long before the first European contact on Ossabaw, possibly through the Spanish in 1568, small pox and other diseases unwittingly introduced by the Spanish in Mexico and South America had swept north, devastating populations of native Americans.

Crass said it’s not known what Indians were on the island when the cremation pit was used. But because of its discovery thousands of years later, more will be learned.

Access to Ossabaw is limited to approved research projects and hunts managed by the DNR’s Georgia Wildlife Resources Division. Details at www.georgiawildlife.com. Information on visiting the island for research and educational purposes is also available from The Ossabaw Island Foundation’s Jim Bitler, jim@ossabawisland.org.

The Wildlife Resources Division works to protect, conserve, manage and improve Georgia's wildlife and freshwater fishery resources. The division’s mission also includes managing and conserving protected wildlife and plants, administering and conducting the mandatory hunter safety program, regulating the possession and sale of wild animals, and administering and enforcing the Georgia Boat Safety Act.

The Historic Preservation Division of the Georgia DNR serves as Georgia’s state historic preservation office. The Historic Preservation Division’s mission is to promote the preservation and use of historic places for a better Georgia. Programs include archaeology protection and education, environmental review, grants, historic resource surveys, tax incentives, the National Register of Historic Places, community planning and technical assistance. For more information, call (404) 656-2840 or visit www.gashpo.org.

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Monday, December 22, 2008

NASA Television Commemorates Apollo 8 Christmas Eve Broadcast

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA Television will honor the 40th anniversary of the historic Christmas Eve broadcast by the Apollo 8 crew with special programming Dec. 24 and 25 on the NASA TV Public Channel (101).

Forty years ago, Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders became the first humans to visit another heavenly body as they successfully orbited the moon in their Apollo 8 spacecraft. On Dec. 24, 1968, the three astronauts devoted one of their mission's six live television transmissions to reading from the biblical book of Genesis during what has since come to be known as the Christmas Eve Broadcast.

To commemorate the anniversary, NASA TV will air the following special programs:

"The Annual John H. Glenn Lecture -- An Evening with the Apollo 8 Astronauts," a panel discussion with Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders recorded Nov. 13, 2008, at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum. Former U.S. senator and NASA astronaut John Glenn provided their introduction.

"The Apollo 8 Crew Remembers Historic Mission, Live from the Newseum," a panel discussion with the Apollo 8 astronauts moderated by Nick Clooney and recorded Nov. 13, 2008, at the Newseum in Washington.

"De-Brief Apollo 8," an historical documentary of Apollo 8, narrated by Burgess Meredith (1970).

"Apollo 8 Christmas Video," a 10-minute documentary featuring Apollo 8 astronauts describing their historic mission. (Excerpts from the John H. Glenn Lecture recorded Nov. 13, 2008.)

"Apollo 8 -- December 21, 1968," a NASA Manned Space Flight Film Report on the Apollo 8 mission (1970).

The NASA Television Video File also will include footage documenting the Apollo 8 mission's Christmas Eve broadcast. For program times and listings, consult the NASA Television schedule online at:

http://www.nasa.gov/ntv

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Friday, December 19, 2008

'G-Men and Journalists" Exhibit Extended in Washington

During its first century, the FBI has played a significant role in the nation’s history—and its culture. To see just how significant a role we have played, look no further than the new exhibit “G-Men and Journalists: Top News Stories of the FBI’s First Century.”

A collaboration between the FBI and the Newseum, a museum in the nation’s capital devoted to the news, the display is filled with stories and artifacts from some of our most celebrated cases—everything from John Dillinger’s death mask to the electric chair used to execute Bruno Hauptmann after his conviction in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping case. The exhibit not only showcases our biggest investigations and the historical eras in which they took place, but the multifaceted relationship between the Bureau and the media during the past century.

“G-Men and Journalists” has been so popular—nearly 400,000 visitors have seen it since it opened this past June—that Newseum officials recently extended its run for another year, through the end of 2009.

The exhibit is “awesome,” said Cathy Trost, the Newseum’s Director of Exhibit Development. “It’s been an incredibly popular attraction since the day it opened.”

Trost, who helped create “G-Men and Journalists,” explained that the FBI initially approached the Newseum with the idea, and Bureau employees around the country “opened their desk drawers, their storage closets, and their file cabinets and found some amazing things” to help bring the exhibit to life.

On display are more than 200 items representing remarkable pieces of history. Museum visitors can see:

* Recovered pieces of the Ryder rental truck used in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building;
* A full-size replica of the trunk section of the Chevrolet Caprice used by the D.C. snipers in 2002 to show how the John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo shot and killed 10 people without being detected;
* The 10-by-12-foot cabin that was the home of Unabomber Ted Kaczynski, on display for the first time;
* A copy of the 1950 Washington Daily News, which helped launch the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list; and
* The desk, chair, and office accessories used by Director J. Edgar Hoover.

Other displays focus on famous investigations involving spies, mobsters, and the KKK and include video documentaries featuring FBI agents and the reporters who covered their cases.

"We looked at the complicated relationship between the FBI and the media and didn’t sugarcoat it,” Trost explained. “The best testimony about the exhibit is that it’s received very positive reviews from both sides.”

The FBI continues to support the exhibit by participating in public programs at the Newseum that feature current and former agents alongside journalists, authors, and historians.

The popularity of the exhibit “is further proof that the public continues to be interested in the FBI and supportive of our mission,” said Mike Kortan, our Deputy Assistant Director of Public Affairs. Kortan added that we are also featured at the National Museum of Crime & Punishment and the International Spy Museum and will be represented at the upcoming National Law Enforcement Museum—all located near FBI Headquarters in Washington.

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Thursday, December 18, 2008

Space Station Crew Marks 40th Anniversary of First Human Moon Trip

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The International Space Station crew, paving the way for NASA's return to the moon, will honor the first humans to journey there 40 years ago with a special message.

Expedition 18 Commander Mike Fincke and Flight Engineers Sandy Magnus and Yury Lonchakov will pay homage to that bold December 1968 voyage in a message that will air on NASA Television as part of the daily Video File, beginning at 11 a.m. CST, Friday, Dec. 19. The video also will be broadcast in high definition on the NASA TV HD channel at 10 a.m., noon and 3 p.m. on Friday, Dec. 19, and Tuesday, Dec. 23.

Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders roared into space on the first flight of the massive Saturn V rocket on Dec. 21, 1968. They became the first humans to circumnavigate the moon on Dec. 24, 1968, and returned safely to Earth three days later. Their mission demonstrated the ability of the Saturn V and the Apollo command and service modules to cross the 238,000-mile gulf between Earth and the moon, and set the stage for the first human lunar landing six months later.

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Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Wright Brothers Day, 2008

A Proclamation by the President of the United States of America

Our history is rich with pioneers and innovators who used their God-given talents to improve our Nation and the world. On Wright Brothers Day, we commemorate two brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright, who took great risks and ushered in a new era of travel and discovery.

With intrepid spirits and a passion for innovation, Orville and Wilbur Wright became the first to experience the thrill of manned, powered flight. On December 17, 1903, Orville Wright flew for 12 seconds over the North Carolina sand dunes in the presence of only five people. In the span of one lifetime, our Nation has seen aviation progress from the first tentative takeoff at Kitty Hawk to an age of supersonic flight and space exploration.

On this Wright Brothers Day, we recognize all those who have taken great risks and contributed to our country's legacy of exploration and discovery. This year, we also celebrate the centennial of the world's first passenger flight. By remaining dedicated to extending the frontiers of knowledge, we can ensure that the United States will continue to lead the world in science, innovation, and technology, and build a better future for generations to come.

The Congress, by a joint resolution approved December 17, 1963, as amended (77 Stat. 402; 36 U.S.C. 143), has designated December 17 of each year as "Wright Brothers Day" and has authorized and requested the President to issue annually a proclamation inviting the people of the United States to observe that day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim December 17, 2008, as Wright Brothers Day.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-third.

GEORGE W. BUSH

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Sunday, December 14, 2008

The First Emperor Named one of Time Magazine’s Top 10 Exhibits of 2008

TIME Magazine has selected “The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army” as one of the Top 10 Museum Exhibits of 2008 (view article). The exhibition, which opened to the public on November 16, has already drawn over 70,000 visitors and drove a record one-day attendance of nearly 7,000 visitors to the High on the day after Thanksgiving, November 28. “The First Emperor” was inspired by one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. Featuring over 100 works, including 15 terracotta figures, the exhibition represents one of the largest groups of important works relating to the First Emperor ever to be loaned to the U.S.

From December 26 through January 4, the High will have special extended hours and daily art-making activities. The museum will also be open on Monday, December 29.

Tickets: Individual ticket prices are $18 for adults; $15 for students and seniors with ID; $11 for ages 6 to 17; and free for age 5 and under. Discounted tickets are available for groups of 10 or more. Tickets allow entry into “The First Emperor” and all other special exhibition and permanent collection galleries.

Tickets can be purchased online at www.high.org or by calling 404-733-4444.

“The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army” is made possible by Lead Sponsor GE, Presenting Sponsor Portman and Official Global Delivery Partner UPS, Official Airline Partner Delta Air Lines, and Official Media Partner Turner Broadcasting. Generous support is provided by The Henry Luce Foundation. Additional support provided by The E. Rhodes and Leona Carpenter Foundation and The Blakemore Foundation. This exhibition is presented in association with the British Museum with support from Morgan Stanley.
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Saturday, December 13, 2008

Atlanta History Center Invites You to Candlelight Nights

Stroll through candlelit gardens, tour decorated historic houses, enjoy holiday music, and participate in arts and crafts and puppet making workshops. Meet and greet former Jim Henson Company staff writer and muppett expert, Craig Shemin, as he introduces the film screening of Jim Henson's Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas. In addition, visitors enjoy touring our exhibits, Norman Rockwell's Home for the Holidays and Jim Henson's Fantastic World.

December 16th. Tickets are $10 for History Center adult members, $5 for member children; $15 for nonmember adults, $7 nonmember children. Reservations are strongly suggested. Please call 404.814.4150. Learn more about this program.

Funding for this program is provided by the Fulton County Board of Commissioners under the guidance of the Fulton County Arts Council. Additional support provided by Big John's Trees and Whole Foods-Buckhead.
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Thursday, December 11, 2008

Zoie Films Offers Victoria Woodhull Documentary Now on DVD Free!

HH Note: Did you ever learn of the first woman to campaign for President? The year was 1872....

/PRNewswire/ -- "America's Victoria, Remembering Victoria Woodhull," a feature length documentary previously featured on PBS television is now available for free. Victoria Woodhull became the first woman to campaign for U.S. President in 1872. "America's Victoria" is a wonderful chronicle of the life of one of the most important and unrecognized women in U.S. history.

"If you spliced the genes of Hillary Clinton, Madonna, Heidi Fleiss and Margaret Thatcher, you might have someone like Victoria Woodhull," wrote the Atlanta Journal & Constitution.

Although she was a radical suffragist, Victoria Woodhull refused to restrict her Presidential campaign to the issue of women's suffrage. Instead, she advocated a single sexual standard for men and women, legalization of prostitution and reform of marriage. "America's Victoria" combines rare archival images, Woodhull's own words performed by Kate Capshaw and illuminating interviews with contemporary feminist Gloria Steinem to present a fascinating portrait of this remarkably brave woman.

"Ahead of her time, Victoria Woodhull was an advocate not only of women's suffrage but of legalized prostitution and free love, by which she meant a commitment untrammeled by governmental regulations. She ran for president four times and generally lived a life unimagined by most people. She was an electrifying woman who teaches women to be daring, courageous and outrageous," says Victoria Weston.

For more information about on how to acquire a free DVD of "America's Victoria, Remembering Victoria Woodhull": www.ZoieFilms.com/homevideo.html .

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Sunday, December 7, 2008

Today in Fayetteville June 22, 1917

New construction was on the schedule for the summer of 1917.  Railroad crossings were
a danger in the early years as they are now..

 
                                   The Fayetteville News
                                 
         June 22, 1917


             Mrs. Minnie Turner and son, Fred, killed by train in Jonesboro


Last Sunday afternoon about 5 o'clock a central passenger train from Atlanta
to Macon smashed into the automobile of Mr. JE Adams at the crossing North
of the depot in Jonesboro killing and injuring the six occupants of the car.
In the car were Mrs. Minnie Turner and 4 year old son, Fred, of Clayton Co. Misses Cora Denham, Grace Dorsett, Mr Ursie Denham and driver, Mr. Adams, all of near Union Groove.

The party had spent the day at a birthday celebration of Mr JR Jackson, and were returning by way of Stockbridge road. Mrs Turner was a daughter of JR Jackson.

The funeral exercises were conducted Monday afternoon at Flat Creek Church by Rev WJ DeBardeleben.


                                  The Redwine Brothers

The Redwine Brothers have contracted with Mr. JC Woods to superintend the work on their two story brick building on the North side of the public square.
The building will be 51x120 feet. The front of the lower story will be glass and this story will be used by the Redwine brothers for their office and Ford Automobiles. The second story will be offices and will be for rent.
The building will add much to the appearance in the north block.


                                      Notice to Veterans

The Paul J Semmes Camp # 832 UCV in Fayetteville, will be at the court house at 10:00 am on the 1st Tuesday in July
                                                                  TN Farr, Commander
Submitted by CB Glover






Saturday, December 6, 2008

'First Ladies at the Smithsonian' Exhibition Opens at National Museum of American History

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History will open "First Ladies at the Smithsonian," a display that showcases premier objects from the nearly century-old First Ladies Collection, on Friday, Dec. 19, as part of its reopening year celebration.

For decades, the first ladies collection has been one of the most popular attractions at the Smithsonian Institution. The new exhibition takes a broader focus that allows the museum to tell more complex stories about the role of America's first ladies.

"The original first ladies exhibition of 1914 was the first at the Smithsonian to prominently feature women," said museum director Brent D. Glass. "Today we continue to delve deeper into the contributions of first ladies to the presidency and American society."

The exhibition features 14 dresses ranging from those of Martha Washington to Laura Bush as well as portraits, White House china, personal possessions and related objects from the Smithsonian's unique collection of first ladies' materials. Among the dresses displayed in the exhibition are Grace Coolidge's flapper-style evening dress, Jackie Kennedy's yellow-silk gown worn to the Kennedy administration's first state dinner in 1961 and Eleanor Roosevelt's pink-rayon crepe gown, which she wore to the 1945 inaugural reception that was held in lieu of a ball during World War II.

"First Ladies at the Smithsonian" is made possible by major support from Biography Channel.

"This new exhibition takes a fresh look at the first ladies through the National Museum of American History's unparalleled collection and scholarship," said Libby O'Connell, senior vice president of Corporate Outreach for AETN, Biography Channel's parent company. "Visitors will be enthralled by some new surprises and some old favorites, all accompanied by insightful interpretation. Biography Channel is honored to be a sponsor."

The exhibition is divided into three main sections: the evolution of the First Ladies Collection, the tradition of the inaugural gown and a first lady's contribution to the presidency and American society. The first section of the exhibition explores the establishment in 1912 of the "Collection of Period Costumes," the first Smithsonian collection focused on women, which would become the foundation of the First Ladies Collection. The exhibition goes on to detail how the collection has been shown at the Smithsonian, starting with a display at the Smithsonian's Arts and Industries Building in 1914 through the exhibition's immediate predecessor, "First Ladies: Political Role and Public Image" that was on view from 1992 to 2006. The display of gowns and personal effects in this section is designed to encourage visitors to think about how museums interpret individuals and document their lives through objects.

The second section of "First Ladies at the Smithsonian" discusses the tradition of the first lady's gown coming to the Smithsonian. It highlights Helen Taft's 1909 white-silk chiffon inaugural gown, which was appliqued with floral embroideries in metallic thread and trimmed with rhinestones and beads -- the first to be presented by a first lady in 1912. Also showcased is the red Chantilly lace and silk satin inaugural gown with crystal beading worn by Bush in 2001. This section will answer some of the public's most frequently asked questions about the collection.

The final section examines a first lady's contribution to the presidential administration. The role of the first lady and the country's expectations of public women have been shaped by societal changes and the women themselves. First ladies have made contributions as campaigners, hostesses, public policy advocates and the public faces of their respective administrations.

"First Ladies at the Smithsonian" serves as a bridge to the museum's plans for an expanded exhibition on first ladies' history set to open in a few years.

The National Museum of American History collects, preserves and displays American heritage in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history. The museum sheds new light on American history after having been dramatically transformed by a two-year renovation. To learn more about the museum, visit http://americanhistory.si.edu/. For Smithsonian information, the public may call (202) 633-1000, (202) 633-5285 (TTY).

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Friday, December 5, 2008

Flags to Fly Half-Staff in Commemoration of Pearl Harbor Attack

/24-7-- On the Hawaiian island of Oahu, December 7, 1941 initially seemed liked any other sunny day. The US forces stationed there were awake and ready to begin their daily grind. At 6:00 a.m. however, over the horizon, six Japanese carriers were already in the midst of launching the first deadly wave of surprise attacks on Pearl Harbor. A total of 181 Japanese Air Force planes began bombing American ships and military installations on Oahu by around 8:00 a.m., inflicting heavy damage on naval air bases at Ford Island and Kaneohe Bay, the Marine airfield at Ewa and the Army Air Corps air fields at Wheeler, Bellows and Hickam, as well on the ships moored in Pearl Harbor.

The attack on Pearl Harbor lasted two hours. A total of 320 aircraft were severely damaged, along with twenty-one navy ships. Among the sunken navy ships were the USS West Virginia, The USS Oklahoma and the USS Arizona. The attack also disabled the US Pacific Fleet, and led the United States into World War II. The news of the deadly attacks on Pearl Harbor sent shockwaves across the whole United States, and emboldened every able-bodied American to volunteer into the U.S. Armed Forces. It also united the country behind President Franklin Roosevelt, and completely erased the country's isolationist sentiments.

According to historians, The Pacific Theater in World War II was fought over the largest area of any major conflict in history, and raged over an expanse of land and sea covering an area half the planet's size. The many battles and firefights that raged on each island and beach here evoke stirring images of courage and resilience. History now has names like Pearl Harbor, Guadalcanal, Attu, Midway and Peleliu, Iwo Jima and others etched in its pantheon, allowing future generations to remember the heavy sacrifices made by many to ensure that we remain free from tyranny.

On December 7, all US flags at federal, state and public facilities in the United States will be flown at half-staff, in commemoration of the Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. This historic day will allow all Americans to remember the infamous attack by Japanese forces on the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, as well as celebrate the valor and dedication shown by a brave generation of Americans during the World War II. December 7, 1941, according to US Navy Chief Admiral Michael G. Mullen, was "not just a day of infamy, but in many ways it was a day of discovery for America and for the world. It changed us, it hurt us, but it also made us stronger, as did September 11."

The US Congress, according to Public Law 103 308, has officially designated the seventh day of December as the "National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day." On this solemn occasion, the nation pays homage to the perseverance and heroism shown by many in the face of extremely overwhelming odds. This holiday allows the nation to commemorate the sacrifices made by the valiant members of the US Armed Forces, as well as to celebrate the victory over the forces of fascism, oppression and isolationism. This day also bodes well for igniting the patriotic spirit in each of us.

Matt Knowlan of www.aflag.com, an expert on flag etiquette further adds that the US flag should be displayed, and waved as well, during national holidays, and also be displayed daily on or near the main building of each public institution. It should also be displayed in or near every polling place on election days, as well as on or near schools during school days.

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Wednesday, December 3, 2008

December 5th is the 75th Anniversary of 1933 Repeal of Prohibition

HH Note: Prohibition was an interesting time in our country's history. It was quickly noted that morality cannot be enforced by laws. Many fortunes were made during the time of speakeasy life. Unfortunately, many lives were lost as local moonshine kingpins fought each other for their slice of greed.

The historical importance of this particular event is that the 18th amendment is the only Constitutional amendment which has been repealed. If you decide to celebrate "Repeal Day," please do so responsibly.


(BUSINESS WIRE)--Just as ships carrying Dewar’s® Blended Scotch Whisky waited offshore for the stroke of midnight on a cold winter night in 1933, Dewar’s eagerly anticipates the nationwide celebration of “Repeal Day” marking the day in history that the 21st amendment was ratified, ending 13 years of Prohibition.

On Dec. 5, 1933, Dewar’s Blended Scotch Whisky became one of the first liquors to be served legally in the country. The brand will commemorate this significant time in U.S. history by celebrating the 75th anniversary with special activities across the U.S.

“We want to remind everyone that a mere 75 years ago, a very significant change was made to our Constitution,” said Amanda Hawk, Dewar’s brand manager. “The 18th amendment is the only Constitutional amendment ever repealed. It had a huge effect on the U.S. What better time to celebrate?!”

Dewar’s Repeal Day celebrations are planned in various cities across the nation. In New York, Dewar’s will be conducting Prohibition Bar Tours guided by a Prohibition expert discussing Prohibition, Speakeasies and Repeal Day. Special events will take place at a number of locations, complete with actors dressed in period costumes.

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Monday, December 1, 2008

National Archives Creates Awards for Excellence in Genealogy

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In celebration of its 75th anniversary, the National Archives announces two awards to recognize significant achievements in genealogy research, based on records from the National Archives.

The National Archives is known worldwide as a treasure chest of genealogical information. Each year, millions of people use Federal records in the National Archives to search for their family roots. Census schedules, ship passenger arrival lists, citizenship papers, military pension files, land patents, and court records offer detailed evidence to flesh out family histories. This competition provides an opportunity for students to share their research "treasures" with the public.

The awards are $1,000 for first place; $500 for second place. Winning articles may be published in Prologue, the quarterly magazine of the National Archives, and/or on the National Archives web site.

To be eligible, an applicant must be either an undergraduate or graduate student enrolled in an accredited institution of higher learning; have completed at least one semester; and have not yet advanced to candidacy, if in a Ph.D. program. An applicant does not have to be an American citizen, but must be attending an American college or university. Permanent National Archives employees are not eligible.

Awards will be announced at the National Archives annual Genealogy Fair on April 22, 2009.

Applicants are required to submit:
-- Cover sheet that includes the following:
-- Name and contact information;
-- Proof of enrollment at an accredited academic institution; and
-- Signature giving permission for the article to be published.

-- An original, unpublished work between 1,000 and 3,000 words that
demonstrates the use of National Archives holdings to conduct
genealogical research. The essay must be typed and include a
works-cited page or bibliography. End notes are suggested but not
required.


Please submit applications to:
Diane Dimkoff
Director, Customer Services Division
Room G-13
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
diane.dimkoff@nara.gov


Essays may be submitted in-person or via e-mail before 5:00 p.m. EST March 1, 2009 or via regular mail (postmarked by February 25, 2009).

For additional information about the scholarship and/or application process, email KYR@nara.gov.

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