Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Lest We Forget

Interested in the Civil War? Time has marched past, but we should always remember this time in our country's history. Follow the link to see some amazing pictures.......

Click here

and, perhaps learn some history.
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Tuesday, December 30, 2008

The Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum Announces New Sunday Operating Hours

Due to the current economic downturn, it has become necessary for the Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum to make operational changes.The Atlanta Cyclorama will be open on Sunday from 12 noon until 4:00 pm, and will continue to be open from 8:30 am until 5:00 pm, Tuesday thru Saturday... Click to read: The Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum Announces New Sunday Operating Hours

Monday, December 29, 2008

National Federation of the Blind Celebrates the 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Louis Braille

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The National Federation of the Blind (NFB), the nation's largest and oldest organization of blind people, will hold events nationwide on Sunday, January 4, 2009, to promote Braille literacy and help celebrate the two-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille (1809-1852), the inventor of the reading and writing code for the blind that bears his name. In over one hundred bookstores, libraries, and other venues all across the nation, National Federation of the Blind representatives will demonstrate Braille and the power of Braille literacy.

"There can be no doubt that the ability to read and write Braille competently and efficiently is the key to education, employment, and success for the blind. Despite the undisputed value of Braille, only about 10 percent of blind children in the United States are currently learning it. These events will help raise awareness of the importance of Braille literacy and are an integral part of our nationwide campaign to reverse the downward trend in Braille literacy and to ensure that equal opportunities in education and employment are available to all of the nation's blind," said Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind.

The events are being held nationwide as part of the National Federation of the Blind's Braille Readers are Leaders campaign, a national initiative to promote the importance of reading and writing Braille for blind children and adults. The Braille Readers are Leaders campaign kicked off in July of 2008 with the unveiling of the design of a commemorative coin to be minted in 2009 in recognition of the two-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille. The commemorative coin design will also be previewed at the events.

For more information about the Braille Readers are Leaders campaign, please visit To find out about events in your area, please contact Fredric Schroeder at

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Wednesday, December 24, 2008

National Archives Celebrates Lincoln's Bicentennial in February

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The National Archives will celebrate the 200th anniversary of President Abraham Lincoln's birth in February 2009 with a special showing of the original Emancipation Proclamation, as well as programs, lectures and films. These events are free and open to the public and will be held at the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C., which is located on the National Mall at Constitution Ave. between 7th and 9th Streets, N.W., and is fully accessible. National Archives Experience Exhibit Hours are 10 a.m.-5:30 p.m. daily.

The Emancipation Proclamation!

**February 12-16, 2009 - Featured Document Display: The Emancipation Proclamation**

Thursday, February 12 through Monday, February 16, 2009
National Archives East Rotunda Gallery

In celebration of Lincoln's birthday and the Presidents' Day holiday, the National Archives will display the original Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Lincoln. The special display of the Emancipation Proclamation is free and open to the public.

Special hours: Open extended hours until 6:30 p.m. on February 14-16 for viewing of the Emancipation Proclamation. Last admission is 30 minutes prior to closing.

Saturday, February 7, 2009, noon to 3 p.m.
Abraham Lincoln Family Day
Noon to 3 pm, throughout the National Archives Experience

Join the National Archives Experience in celebrating the bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth with "hands-on" activities featuring the life and times of Abraham Lincoln, including:

-- Create Your Own "Presidential Proclamation" (Lawrence F. O'Brien
Gallery Lobby)
-- Archival Adventures (Boeing Learning Center)
-- Decipher Secret Telegrams Sent to the Union Army (Presidential
Conference Room Lobby)
-- Listen to Stories About Abraham Lincoln, Especially for Younger
Audiences (Madison Room)
-- Don a Top Hat and Beard and Step Up to the Podium to Declare the
Gettysburg Address (Jefferson Room)
-- Build Your Own Log Cabin (Jefferson Room)
-- Play Games from the Lincoln Era and Create Your Own Whirligig
(Jefferson Room)
-- Meet President Abraham Lincoln and First Lady Mary Lincoln
-- Listen to the Songs of Lincoln's Era

Monday, February, 9, 2009, at noon
Lecture: Lincoln the Inventor
Noon, Washington Room

Abraham Lincoln is the only President to hold a patent. Jason Emerson, author of Lincoln the Inventor, is the first historian to treat the subject of Lincoln's "device to buoy vessels over shoals" as more than a historical footnote. While detailing and examining this mostly unknown aspect of Lincoln's life, Emerson also discusses how Lincoln's penchant for inventions and inventiveness helped to shape his political beliefs. A book signing will follow the program.

Thursday, February 12, 2009, at 6 pm
Lecture and discussion with Senator George McGovern on Abraham Lincoln
6 pm, William G. McGowan Theater

Author discussion with political figure, veteran, and historian Senator George McGovern speaking on his book, Abraham Lincoln, the latest in the Times Books American Presidents series. Sean Wilentz, editor of this series, will join Senator McGovern in the discussion. A book signing will follow the program. Please note the time change from usual evening programs; this program begins at 6 p.m.

Saturday, February, 14, 2009, at noon
Film: Young Mr. Lincoln
Noon, William G. McGowan Theater

The film Young Mr. Lincoln follows a 10-year period in Lincoln's life before he became known to his nation and the world. From his boyhood days to his early law practice, director John Ford tells the story of the man who would eventually become known as "The Great Emancipator." Stars Henry Fonda. (100 min., 1939)

Related Exhibition
Public Vaults permanent exhibition

The Public Vaults exhibition of the National Archives Experience features a Lincoln telegram, an image of Lincoln and his general after Antietam, a facsimile of all five pages of the Emancipation Proclamation, a letter congratulating Lincoln on his re-election, and an interactive exhibit about the Lincoln assassination and the Booth conspiracy.

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Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Indian Burial Site Sheds Light on Prehistoric Indian Culture

The recent excavation of a prehistoric American Indian burial site on Ossabaw Island revealed cremated remains, an unexpected find that offers a glimpse into ancient Indian culture along Georgia’s coast.

State archaeologist David Crass of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources said prehistoric cremations were rare, particularly during the early time in which preliminary evidence suggests this one occurred, possibly 1000 B.C. to A.D. 350. The remains also mark the first cremation uncovered on Ossabaw, a state-owned Heritage Preserve about 20 miles south of Savannah.

“This interment broadens our knowledge about … the kinds of belief (involving) death within the Woodland Period,” Crass said. “This is not something we have seen before on Ossabaw Island. Similar cremations on St. Catherine’s Island may point to this practice being more widespread than we have believed up to now.”

Crass said during this time American Indians in Georgia moved to the coast in the winter for shellfish, then inland in the spring for deer hunting and into uplands in the fall for gathering nuts. “This site may have been a winter season camp,” he said.

Erosion from natural causes exposed the burial on an Ossabaw bluff earlier this year. Scientists from the DNR Office of the State Archaeologist, the non-profit Lamar Institute and the Georgia Council on American Indian Concerns worked under the council’s direction to excavate the roughly 6- by 6-foot pit. As required by state law, Crass informed the council about the situation and organized the excavation at the group’s request.

The work on Georgia’s third-largest barrier island revealed a cremation pit that had been lined with wood and oyster shells. The body had been placed on top of the wood and the contents of the pit burned. The human remains recovered were primarily from extremities, indicating that the deceased had been disinterred after cremation, possibly to be reburied elsewhere.

The charcoal will be submitted for carbon 14 dating, but preliminary analysis of the pottery recovered from the pit suggests the cremation may date to the Refuge-Deptford Phases in the Woodland Period, c.a. 1000 B.C. to A.D. 350. A ground-penetrating radar survey showed many prehistoric American Indian features in the general area, Crass said. The bluff apparently had long been a focal point of prehistoric Indian life.

After analysis, the remains will be reinterred in a secure location under the auspices of the Council on American Indian Concerns. Crass expects the carbon 14 dating results and details on the radar survey by early next year.

Human history runs deep on Ossabaw. Shell mounds and other artifacts here date to 2000 B.C. More than 230 archaeological sites have been recorded. Spanish records indicate the island probably had an early Guale Indian village, according to The New Georgia Encyclopedia. But long before the first European contact on Ossabaw, possibly through the Spanish in 1568, small pox and other diseases unwittingly introduced by the Spanish in Mexico and South America had swept north, devastating populations of native Americans.

Crass said it’s not known what Indians were on the island when the cremation pit was used. But because of its discovery thousands of years later, more will be learned.

Access to Ossabaw is limited to approved research projects and hunts managed by the DNR’s Georgia Wildlife Resources Division. Details at Information on visiting the island for research and educational purposes is also available from The Ossabaw Island Foundation’s Jim Bitler,

The Wildlife Resources Division works to protect, conserve, manage and improve Georgia's wildlife and freshwater fishery resources. The division’s mission also includes managing and conserving protected wildlife and plants, administering and conducting the mandatory hunter safety program, regulating the possession and sale of wild animals, and administering and enforcing the Georgia Boat Safety Act.

The Historic Preservation Division of the Georgia DNR serves as Georgia’s state historic preservation office. The Historic Preservation Division’s mission is to promote the preservation and use of historic places for a better Georgia. Programs include archaeology protection and education, environmental review, grants, historic resource surveys, tax incentives, the National Register of Historic Places, community planning and technical assistance. For more information, call (404) 656-2840 or visit

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Monday, December 22, 2008

NASA Television Commemorates Apollo 8 Christmas Eve Broadcast

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA Television will honor the 40th anniversary of the historic Christmas Eve broadcast by the Apollo 8 crew with special programming Dec. 24 and 25 on the NASA TV Public Channel (101).

Forty years ago, Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders became the first humans to visit another heavenly body as they successfully orbited the moon in their Apollo 8 spacecraft. On Dec. 24, 1968, the three astronauts devoted one of their mission's six live television transmissions to reading from the biblical book of Genesis during what has since come to be known as the Christmas Eve Broadcast.

To commemorate the anniversary, NASA TV will air the following special programs:

"The Annual John H. Glenn Lecture -- An Evening with the Apollo 8 Astronauts," a panel discussion with Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders recorded Nov. 13, 2008, at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum. Former U.S. senator and NASA astronaut John Glenn provided their introduction.

"The Apollo 8 Crew Remembers Historic Mission, Live from the Newseum," a panel discussion with the Apollo 8 astronauts moderated by Nick Clooney and recorded Nov. 13, 2008, at the Newseum in Washington.

"De-Brief Apollo 8," an historical documentary of Apollo 8, narrated by Burgess Meredith (1970).

"Apollo 8 Christmas Video," a 10-minute documentary featuring Apollo 8 astronauts describing their historic mission. (Excerpts from the John H. Glenn Lecture recorded Nov. 13, 2008.)

"Apollo 8 -- December 21, 1968," a NASA Manned Space Flight Film Report on the Apollo 8 mission (1970).

The NASA Television Video File also will include footage documenting the Apollo 8 mission's Christmas Eve broadcast. For program times and listings, consult the NASA Television schedule online at:

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Friday, December 19, 2008

'G-Men and Journalists" Exhibit Extended in Washington

During its first century, the FBI has played a significant role in the nation’s history—and its culture. To see just how significant a role we have played, look no further than the new exhibit “G-Men and Journalists: Top News Stories of the FBI’s First Century.”

A collaboration between the FBI and the Newseum, a museum in the nation’s capital devoted to the news, the display is filled with stories and artifacts from some of our most celebrated cases—everything from John Dillinger’s death mask to the electric chair used to execute Bruno Hauptmann after his conviction in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping case. The exhibit not only showcases our biggest investigations and the historical eras in which they took place, but the multifaceted relationship between the Bureau and the media during the past century.

“G-Men and Journalists” has been so popular—nearly 400,000 visitors have seen it since it opened this past June—that Newseum officials recently extended its run for another year, through the end of 2009.

The exhibit is “awesome,” said Cathy Trost, the Newseum’s Director of Exhibit Development. “It’s been an incredibly popular attraction since the day it opened.”

Trost, who helped create “G-Men and Journalists,” explained that the FBI initially approached the Newseum with the idea, and Bureau employees around the country “opened their desk drawers, their storage closets, and their file cabinets and found some amazing things” to help bring the exhibit to life.

On display are more than 200 items representing remarkable pieces of history. Museum visitors can see:

* Recovered pieces of the Ryder rental truck used in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building;
* A full-size replica of the trunk section of the Chevrolet Caprice used by the D.C. snipers in 2002 to show how the John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo shot and killed 10 people without being detected;
* The 10-by-12-foot cabin that was the home of Unabomber Ted Kaczynski, on display for the first time;
* A copy of the 1950 Washington Daily News, which helped launch the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list; and
* The desk, chair, and office accessories used by Director J. Edgar Hoover.

Other displays focus on famous investigations involving spies, mobsters, and the KKK and include video documentaries featuring FBI agents and the reporters who covered their cases.

"We looked at the complicated relationship between the FBI and the media and didn’t sugarcoat it,” Trost explained. “The best testimony about the exhibit is that it’s received very positive reviews from both sides.”

The FBI continues to support the exhibit by participating in public programs at the Newseum that feature current and former agents alongside journalists, authors, and historians.

The popularity of the exhibit “is further proof that the public continues to be interested in the FBI and supportive of our mission,” said Mike Kortan, our Deputy Assistant Director of Public Affairs. Kortan added that we are also featured at the National Museum of Crime & Punishment and the International Spy Museum and will be represented at the upcoming National Law Enforcement Museum—all located near FBI Headquarters in Washington.

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Thursday, December 18, 2008

Space Station Crew Marks 40th Anniversary of First Human Moon Trip

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The International Space Station crew, paving the way for NASA's return to the moon, will honor the first humans to journey there 40 years ago with a special message.

Expedition 18 Commander Mike Fincke and Flight Engineers Sandy Magnus and Yury Lonchakov will pay homage to that bold December 1968 voyage in a message that will air on NASA Television as part of the daily Video File, beginning at 11 a.m. CST, Friday, Dec. 19. The video also will be broadcast in high definition on the NASA TV HD channel at 10 a.m., noon and 3 p.m. on Friday, Dec. 19, and Tuesday, Dec. 23.

Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders roared into space on the first flight of the massive Saturn V rocket on Dec. 21, 1968. They became the first humans to circumnavigate the moon on Dec. 24, 1968, and returned safely to Earth three days later. Their mission demonstrated the ability of the Saturn V and the Apollo command and service modules to cross the 238,000-mile gulf between Earth and the moon, and set the stage for the first human lunar landing six months later.

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Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Wright Brothers Day, 2008

A Proclamation by the President of the United States of America

Our history is rich with pioneers and innovators who used their God-given talents to improve our Nation and the world. On Wright Brothers Day, we commemorate two brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright, who took great risks and ushered in a new era of travel and discovery.

With intrepid spirits and a passion for innovation, Orville and Wilbur Wright became the first to experience the thrill of manned, powered flight. On December 17, 1903, Orville Wright flew for 12 seconds over the North Carolina sand dunes in the presence of only five people. In the span of one lifetime, our Nation has seen aviation progress from the first tentative takeoff at Kitty Hawk to an age of supersonic flight and space exploration.

On this Wright Brothers Day, we recognize all those who have taken great risks and contributed to our country's legacy of exploration and discovery. This year, we also celebrate the centennial of the world's first passenger flight. By remaining dedicated to extending the frontiers of knowledge, we can ensure that the United States will continue to lead the world in science, innovation, and technology, and build a better future for generations to come.

The Congress, by a joint resolution approved December 17, 1963, as amended (77 Stat. 402; 36 U.S.C. 143), has designated December 17 of each year as "Wright Brothers Day" and has authorized and requested the President to issue annually a proclamation inviting the people of the United States to observe that day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim December 17, 2008, as Wright Brothers Day.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-third.


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Sunday, December 14, 2008

The First Emperor Named one of Time Magazine’s Top 10 Exhibits of 2008

TIME Magazine has selected “The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army” as one of the Top 10 Museum Exhibits of 2008 (view article). The exhibition, which opened to the public on November 16, has already drawn over 70,000 visitors and drove a record one-day attendance of nearly 7,000 visitors to the High on the day after Thanksgiving, November 28. “The First Emperor” was inspired by one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. Featuring over 100 works, including 15 terracotta figures, the exhibition represents one of the largest groups of important works relating to the First Emperor ever to be loaned to the U.S.

From December 26 through January 4, the High will have special extended hours and daily art-making activities. The museum will also be open on Monday, December 29.

Tickets: Individual ticket prices are $18 for adults; $15 for students and seniors with ID; $11 for ages 6 to 17; and free for age 5 and under. Discounted tickets are available for groups of 10 or more. Tickets allow entry into “The First Emperor” and all other special exhibition and permanent collection galleries.

Tickets can be purchased online at or by calling 404-733-4444.

“The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army” is made possible by Lead Sponsor GE, Presenting Sponsor Portman and Official Global Delivery Partner UPS, Official Airline Partner Delta Air Lines, and Official Media Partner Turner Broadcasting. Generous support is provided by The Henry Luce Foundation. Additional support provided by The E. Rhodes and Leona Carpenter Foundation and The Blakemore Foundation. This exhibition is presented in association with the British Museum with support from Morgan Stanley.
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Saturday, December 13, 2008

Atlanta History Center Invites You to Candlelight Nights

Stroll through candlelit gardens, tour decorated historic houses, enjoy holiday music, and participate in arts and crafts and puppet making workshops. Meet and greet former Jim Henson Company staff writer and muppett expert, Craig Shemin, as he introduces the film screening of Jim Henson's Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas. In addition, visitors enjoy touring our exhibits, Norman Rockwell's Home for the Holidays and Jim Henson's Fantastic World.

December 16th. Tickets are $10 for History Center adult members, $5 for member children; $15 for nonmember adults, $7 nonmember children. Reservations are strongly suggested. Please call 404.814.4150. Learn more about this program.

Funding for this program is provided by the Fulton County Board of Commissioners under the guidance of the Fulton County Arts Council. Additional support provided by Big John's Trees and Whole Foods-Buckhead.
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Thursday, December 11, 2008

Zoie Films Offers Victoria Woodhull Documentary Now on DVD Free!

HH Note: Did you ever learn of the first woman to campaign for President? The year was 1872....

/PRNewswire/ -- "America's Victoria, Remembering Victoria Woodhull," a feature length documentary previously featured on PBS television is now available for free. Victoria Woodhull became the first woman to campaign for U.S. President in 1872. "America's Victoria" is a wonderful chronicle of the life of one of the most important and unrecognized women in U.S. history.

"If you spliced the genes of Hillary Clinton, Madonna, Heidi Fleiss and Margaret Thatcher, you might have someone like Victoria Woodhull," wrote the Atlanta Journal & Constitution.

Although she was a radical suffragist, Victoria Woodhull refused to restrict her Presidential campaign to the issue of women's suffrage. Instead, she advocated a single sexual standard for men and women, legalization of prostitution and reform of marriage. "America's Victoria" combines rare archival images, Woodhull's own words performed by Kate Capshaw and illuminating interviews with contemporary feminist Gloria Steinem to present a fascinating portrait of this remarkably brave woman.

"Ahead of her time, Victoria Woodhull was an advocate not only of women's suffrage but of legalized prostitution and free love, by which she meant a commitment untrammeled by governmental regulations. She ran for president four times and generally lived a life unimagined by most people. She was an electrifying woman who teaches women to be daring, courageous and outrageous," says Victoria Weston.

For more information about on how to acquire a free DVD of "America's Victoria, Remembering Victoria Woodhull": .

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Sunday, December 7, 2008

Today in Fayetteville June 22, 1917

New construction was on the schedule for the summer of 1917.  Railroad crossings were
a danger in the early years as they are now..

                                   The Fayetteville News
         June 22, 1917

             Mrs. Minnie Turner and son, Fred, killed by train in Jonesboro

Last Sunday afternoon about 5 o'clock a central passenger train from Atlanta
to Macon smashed into the automobile of Mr. JE Adams at the crossing North
of the depot in Jonesboro killing and injuring the six occupants of the car.
In the car were Mrs. Minnie Turner and 4 year old son, Fred, of Clayton Co. Misses Cora Denham, Grace Dorsett, Mr Ursie Denham and driver, Mr. Adams, all of near Union Groove.

The party had spent the day at a birthday celebration of Mr JR Jackson, and were returning by way of Stockbridge road. Mrs Turner was a daughter of JR Jackson.

The funeral exercises were conducted Monday afternoon at Flat Creek Church by Rev WJ DeBardeleben.

                                  The Redwine Brothers

The Redwine Brothers have contracted with Mr. JC Woods to superintend the work on their two story brick building on the North side of the public square.
The building will be 51x120 feet. The front of the lower story will be glass and this story will be used by the Redwine brothers for their office and Ford Automobiles. The second story will be offices and will be for rent.
The building will add much to the appearance in the north block.

                                      Notice to Veterans

The Paul J Semmes Camp # 832 UCV in Fayetteville, will be at the court house at 10:00 am on the 1st Tuesday in July
                                                                  TN Farr, Commander
Submitted by CB Glover

Saturday, December 6, 2008

'First Ladies at the Smithsonian' Exhibition Opens at National Museum of American History

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History will open "First Ladies at the Smithsonian," a display that showcases premier objects from the nearly century-old First Ladies Collection, on Friday, Dec. 19, as part of its reopening year celebration.

For decades, the first ladies collection has been one of the most popular attractions at the Smithsonian Institution. The new exhibition takes a broader focus that allows the museum to tell more complex stories about the role of America's first ladies.

"The original first ladies exhibition of 1914 was the first at the Smithsonian to prominently feature women," said museum director Brent D. Glass. "Today we continue to delve deeper into the contributions of first ladies to the presidency and American society."

The exhibition features 14 dresses ranging from those of Martha Washington to Laura Bush as well as portraits, White House china, personal possessions and related objects from the Smithsonian's unique collection of first ladies' materials. Among the dresses displayed in the exhibition are Grace Coolidge's flapper-style evening dress, Jackie Kennedy's yellow-silk gown worn to the Kennedy administration's first state dinner in 1961 and Eleanor Roosevelt's pink-rayon crepe gown, which she wore to the 1945 inaugural reception that was held in lieu of a ball during World War II.

"First Ladies at the Smithsonian" is made possible by major support from Biography Channel.

"This new exhibition takes a fresh look at the first ladies through the National Museum of American History's unparalleled collection and scholarship," said Libby O'Connell, senior vice president of Corporate Outreach for AETN, Biography Channel's parent company. "Visitors will be enthralled by some new surprises and some old favorites, all accompanied by insightful interpretation. Biography Channel is honored to be a sponsor."

The exhibition is divided into three main sections: the evolution of the First Ladies Collection, the tradition of the inaugural gown and a first lady's contribution to the presidency and American society. The first section of the exhibition explores the establishment in 1912 of the "Collection of Period Costumes," the first Smithsonian collection focused on women, which would become the foundation of the First Ladies Collection. The exhibition goes on to detail how the collection has been shown at the Smithsonian, starting with a display at the Smithsonian's Arts and Industries Building in 1914 through the exhibition's immediate predecessor, "First Ladies: Political Role and Public Image" that was on view from 1992 to 2006. The display of gowns and personal effects in this section is designed to encourage visitors to think about how museums interpret individuals and document their lives through objects.

The second section of "First Ladies at the Smithsonian" discusses the tradition of the first lady's gown coming to the Smithsonian. It highlights Helen Taft's 1909 white-silk chiffon inaugural gown, which was appliqued with floral embroideries in metallic thread and trimmed with rhinestones and beads -- the first to be presented by a first lady in 1912. Also showcased is the red Chantilly lace and silk satin inaugural gown with crystal beading worn by Bush in 2001. This section will answer some of the public's most frequently asked questions about the collection.

The final section examines a first lady's contribution to the presidential administration. The role of the first lady and the country's expectations of public women have been shaped by societal changes and the women themselves. First ladies have made contributions as campaigners, hostesses, public policy advocates and the public faces of their respective administrations.

"First Ladies at the Smithsonian" serves as a bridge to the museum's plans for an expanded exhibition on first ladies' history set to open in a few years.

The National Museum of American History collects, preserves and displays American heritage in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history. The museum sheds new light on American history after having been dramatically transformed by a two-year renovation. To learn more about the museum, visit For Smithsonian information, the public may call (202) 633-1000, (202) 633-5285 (TTY).

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Friday, December 5, 2008

Flags to Fly Half-Staff in Commemoration of Pearl Harbor Attack

/24-7-- On the Hawaiian island of Oahu, December 7, 1941 initially seemed liked any other sunny day. The US forces stationed there were awake and ready to begin their daily grind. At 6:00 a.m. however, over the horizon, six Japanese carriers were already in the midst of launching the first deadly wave of surprise attacks on Pearl Harbor. A total of 181 Japanese Air Force planes began bombing American ships and military installations on Oahu by around 8:00 a.m., inflicting heavy damage on naval air bases at Ford Island and Kaneohe Bay, the Marine airfield at Ewa and the Army Air Corps air fields at Wheeler, Bellows and Hickam, as well on the ships moored in Pearl Harbor.

The attack on Pearl Harbor lasted two hours. A total of 320 aircraft were severely damaged, along with twenty-one navy ships. Among the sunken navy ships were the USS West Virginia, The USS Oklahoma and the USS Arizona. The attack also disabled the US Pacific Fleet, and led the United States into World War II. The news of the deadly attacks on Pearl Harbor sent shockwaves across the whole United States, and emboldened every able-bodied American to volunteer into the U.S. Armed Forces. It also united the country behind President Franklin Roosevelt, and completely erased the country's isolationist sentiments.

According to historians, The Pacific Theater in World War II was fought over the largest area of any major conflict in history, and raged over an expanse of land and sea covering an area half the planet's size. The many battles and firefights that raged on each island and beach here evoke stirring images of courage and resilience. History now has names like Pearl Harbor, Guadalcanal, Attu, Midway and Peleliu, Iwo Jima and others etched in its pantheon, allowing future generations to remember the heavy sacrifices made by many to ensure that we remain free from tyranny.

On December 7, all US flags at federal, state and public facilities in the United States will be flown at half-staff, in commemoration of the Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. This historic day will allow all Americans to remember the infamous attack by Japanese forces on the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, as well as celebrate the valor and dedication shown by a brave generation of Americans during the World War II. December 7, 1941, according to US Navy Chief Admiral Michael G. Mullen, was "not just a day of infamy, but in many ways it was a day of discovery for America and for the world. It changed us, it hurt us, but it also made us stronger, as did September 11."

The US Congress, according to Public Law 103 308, has officially designated the seventh day of December as the "National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day." On this solemn occasion, the nation pays homage to the perseverance and heroism shown by many in the face of extremely overwhelming odds. This holiday allows the nation to commemorate the sacrifices made by the valiant members of the US Armed Forces, as well as to celebrate the victory over the forces of fascism, oppression and isolationism. This day also bodes well for igniting the patriotic spirit in each of us.

Matt Knowlan of, an expert on flag etiquette further adds that the US flag should be displayed, and waved as well, during national holidays, and also be displayed daily on or near the main building of each public institution. It should also be displayed in or near every polling place on election days, as well as on or near schools during school days.

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Wednesday, December 3, 2008

December 5th is the 75th Anniversary of 1933 Repeal of Prohibition

HH Note: Prohibition was an interesting time in our country's history. It was quickly noted that morality cannot be enforced by laws. Many fortunes were made during the time of speakeasy life. Unfortunately, many lives were lost as local moonshine kingpins fought each other for their slice of greed.

The historical importance of this particular event is that the 18th amendment is the only Constitutional amendment which has been repealed. If you decide to celebrate "Repeal Day," please do so responsibly.

(BUSINESS WIRE)--Just as ships carrying Dewar’s® Blended Scotch Whisky waited offshore for the stroke of midnight on a cold winter night in 1933, Dewar’s eagerly anticipates the nationwide celebration of “Repeal Day” marking the day in history that the 21st amendment was ratified, ending 13 years of Prohibition.

On Dec. 5, 1933, Dewar’s Blended Scotch Whisky became one of the first liquors to be served legally in the country. The brand will commemorate this significant time in U.S. history by celebrating the 75th anniversary with special activities across the U.S.

“We want to remind everyone that a mere 75 years ago, a very significant change was made to our Constitution,” said Amanda Hawk, Dewar’s brand manager. “The 18th amendment is the only Constitutional amendment ever repealed. It had a huge effect on the U.S. What better time to celebrate?!”

Dewar’s Repeal Day celebrations are planned in various cities across the nation. In New York, Dewar’s will be conducting Prohibition Bar Tours guided by a Prohibition expert discussing Prohibition, Speakeasies and Repeal Day. Special events will take place at a number of locations, complete with actors dressed in period costumes.

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Monday, December 1, 2008

National Archives Creates Awards for Excellence in Genealogy

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In celebration of its 75th anniversary, the National Archives announces two awards to recognize significant achievements in genealogy research, based on records from the National Archives.

The National Archives is known worldwide as a treasure chest of genealogical information. Each year, millions of people use Federal records in the National Archives to search for their family roots. Census schedules, ship passenger arrival lists, citizenship papers, military pension files, land patents, and court records offer detailed evidence to flesh out family histories. This competition provides an opportunity for students to share their research "treasures" with the public.

The awards are $1,000 for first place; $500 for second place. Winning articles may be published in Prologue, the quarterly magazine of the National Archives, and/or on the National Archives web site.

To be eligible, an applicant must be either an undergraduate or graduate student enrolled in an accredited institution of higher learning; have completed at least one semester; and have not yet advanced to candidacy, if in a Ph.D. program. An applicant does not have to be an American citizen, but must be attending an American college or university. Permanent National Archives employees are not eligible.

Awards will be announced at the National Archives annual Genealogy Fair on April 22, 2009.

Applicants are required to submit:
-- Cover sheet that includes the following:
-- Name and contact information;
-- Proof of enrollment at an accredited academic institution; and
-- Signature giving permission for the article to be published.

-- An original, unpublished work between 1,000 and 3,000 words that
demonstrates the use of National Archives holdings to conduct
genealogical research. The essay must be typed and include a
works-cited page or bibliography. End notes are suggested but not

Please submit applications to:
Diane Dimkoff
Director, Customer Services Division
Room G-13
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408

Essays may be submitted in-person or via e-mail before 5:00 p.m. EST March 1, 2009 or via regular mail (postmarked by February 25, 2009).

For additional information about the scholarship and/or application process, email

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Thursday, November 27, 2008

Thanksgiving Thoughts: 1621 Style

Edward Winslow, a passenger on the Mayflower at the age of 25 and one of the first pilgrims to step on shore, wrote about his 1621 Thanksgiving experience in "A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth."

"Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a special manner rejoice together after we had gathered the fruit of our labors. They four in one day killed as much fowl as, with a little help beside, served the company almost a week. At which time, among other recreations, we exercised our arms, many of the Indians coming amongst us, and among the rest their greatest king Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed five deer, which they brought to the plantation and bestowed upon our governor, and upon the captain, and others. And although it be not always so plentiful as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want that we often wish you partakers of our plenty."

Happy Thanksgiving from the University of West Georgia

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Monday, November 24, 2008

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database Debuts at Emory

/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A group of international scholars will gather at Emory Dec. 5-6 to celebrate the debut of "Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database" ( as it begins its own maiden expedition.

Two years in the making at Emory, the free and interactive Web-based resource documents the slave trade from Africa to the New World between the 16th and 19th centuries, says David Eltis, Robert W. Woodruff Professor of History and one of the scholars who originally published "The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade" as a CD-ROM in 1999. He and Martin Halbert, director of digital innovations for Emory Libraries, directed the work that made the online "Voyages" project expandable, interactive and publicly accessible.

"'Voyages' provides searchable information on almost 35,000 trans-Atlantic voyages hauling human cargo, as well as maps, images and data on some individual Africans transported," says Eltis.

The conference, which also marks the bicentennial of the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade in 1808, will feature presentations by Eltis' graduate students who have worked on the database, with leading scholars commenting on their papers. Other sessions include "The Slave Trade, the Web site and Atlantic History" and "The Slave Trade, the Website and the Classroom."

David Brion Davis, Sterling Professor of History Emeritus and founding director emeritus of the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition at Yale University, will give a keynote lecture on "Comparing the Paths to American and British Slave-Trade Abolition." Following Davis' talk will be the formal launch of the "Voyages" database by Rick Luce, director of University Libraries. For more information on the conference, visit

Database Establishes Links Between America, Africa

Funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and Harvard University's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, "Voyages" is based on the seminal 1999 work, "The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade." That CD-ROM included more than 27,000 slave trade voyages and has been popular with scholars and genealogists alike. However, it is no longer available and had several limitations.

"Everyone wants to know where their ancestors came from," Eltis says. "There are more data on the slave trade than on the free migrant movement simply because the slave trade was a business and people were property, so records were likely to be better. What the database makes possible is the establishment of links between America and Africa in a way that already has been done by historians for Europeans."

Adds Halbert: "The digital and Web-based Voyages publication is intentionally collaborative and can grow and change over time. Scholars who discover new information can add it to the database, and thus share it with their colleagues. In addition, researchers can download the database in a format compatible with the SPSS statistical package."

Slave Trade Database in the Classroom

Halbert, Eltis and their team also collaborated with educators from public and private middle and high schools to create lessons plans and other materials, so that K-12 teachers can take "Voyages" into their classrooms. These and other resources on the site, such as images, introductory maps and essays, help visitors appreciate the reality of the slave trade, says project manager Liz Milewicz.

Henry Louis Gates, the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor at Harvard University and writer/producer of the PBS documentary "African American Lives," credits "Voyages" with shedding an important light on the hidden history of 12.5 million slaves.

"The greatest mystery in the history of the West, I believe, has always been the Africans who were enslaved and shipped to the New World," he said. "Their ancestries, their identities, their stories were lost in the ships that carried them across the Atlantic. The multi-decade and collaborative project that brought us [the Voyages] site has done more to reverse the Middle Passage than any other single act of scholarship possibly could."

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Friday, November 21, 2008

Union Pacific to Be Exclusive Sponsor of Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Exhibition at Library of Congress

HH Note: Just in case a trip to our nation's capital is not in your future next year, never fear. The Lincoln Exhibit will be in Atlanta in the fall of 2010.

(BUSINESS WIRE)--Union Pacific will be the exclusive sponsor of the Abraham Lincoln bicentennial exhibition, which opens at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., February 12, 2009, in celebration of Lincoln’s 200th birthday. America’s 16th president, Lincoln was a great railroad advocate and is considered the father of the transcontinental railroad. He signed the Pacific Railroad Act into law in 1862, directing the construction of the nation’s first transcontinental railroad and creating Union Pacific.

“With Malice Toward None: The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Exhibition” will provide the general public an opportunity to view rarely seen treasures from the Library of Congress collections. Union Pacific has agreed to loan to the exhibition a rocking chair from Lincoln’s office and a silk banner from his funeral procession from the Union Pacific Railroad Museum in Council Bluffs, Iowa.

“The heritage of the railroad is one of the most fascinating and inspiring for many Americans,” said Bob Turner, Union Pacific senior vice president, corporate relations. “Lincoln’s actions were the most significant events of 19th century American history, uniting the North and South through the civil war and the East and the West through the transcontinental railroad. His vision nearly 150 years ago to build a transcontinental railroad paved the way for what today is the safest, most efficient and environmentally friendly mode of ground freight transportation in our country. We are proud to sponsor this bicentennial exhibition.”

In addition to the items loaned by the Union Pacific Railroad Museum, the exhibition will include a vast array of Lincoln material including letters, photographs, political cartoons, period engravings, speeches and artifacts. Some specific collection items to be displayed include:

* The notes Lincoln prepared in advance of his debates with Senator Stephen Douglas;
* Lincoln’s personal scrapbook of newspaper clippings;
* The critical letter Lincoln wrote but never sent to General George Meade following the Battle of Gettysburg;
* The Lincoln family Bible; and
* The contents of Lincoln’s pockets on the night he was assassinated.

The exhibition will be on display at Library of Congress through May 9, 2009, after which it will travel to five U.S. cities: Sacramento, Calif., at The California Museum in spring/summer 2009; Chicago at the Newberry Library in fall 2009; Indianapolis at the Indiana State Museum in winter/spring 2010; Atlanta at the Atlanta History Center in fall 2010; and Omaha at the Durham Museum in winter 2011.

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Tuesday, November 18, 2008

Clayton State and NARA’s Shane Bell… Colonial America, the Space Race and Medieval Europe

Want to know about that experimental government those rebels constituted in 1787? Ask Shane Bell.

Want to know how Werner Van Braun oversaw the development of the Saturn V moon rocket? Ask Shane Bell.

Want to talk about Europe 700 years ago? Call the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Southeast Regional Archives and ask for Shane Bell.

Want to know who Shane Bell is? He’s a 2007 graduate of Clayton State University who holds a Bachelor of Arts in History. He’s also a student in the University’s Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) program, and an archives technician for NARA’s Southeast Regional Archives, located adjacent to the Clayton State campus. A 1993 graduate of Mount Zion High School who now lives in McDonough, Ga., Bell is one of the outstanding success stories of the on-going relationship between Clayton State’s History Department and both the National and Georgia Archives. And, yes, his interests extend to an eclectic combination of subjects, including colonial America, NASA and the space race, and medieval Europe.

Given his wide-ranging interests and his successes in both academics and archival work, it’s not surprising that Bell has a hand in a variety of historical projects and subjects. For example, he was profiled in the Huntsville Times last month for his work with NARA’s NASA holdings, notably the personal papers of Werner Von Braun. This month, he’s going to Philadelphia to take part in the Network to Freedom Conference on the Underground Railroad where he will focus on NARA’s holdings related to the Atlantic Slave Trade. He’s also a member of the Clayton State University Martin Luther King Day Planning Committee, helping plan the combined efforts of his alma mater and his employer in commemorating Martin Luther King during the week of Jan. 19, 2009. And, he has a part in NARA’s current celebration of Constitution Day.

“We are excited to have Shane as the advocate for the Southeast Region!” exclaims James McSweeney, regional administrator for NARA’s Southeast Region. “In fact, working with Mary Evelyn Tomlin, Shane developed a finding aid for the African Slave Trade records in our holdings.

“Shane is an excellent writer and has the unique ability to review complicated Federal records and laws, particularly from the U.S. District Courts, and to distill their essence and significance into brief descriptive narratives. Shane has applied these same skills to his work with our holdings from the Marshall Space Flight Center.”

While attending Georgia Perimeter College, Bell became interested in history and transferred to Clayton State to earn his B.A. in History, taking advantage of both the University’s outstanding History Department and its partnership with NARA and the Georgia Archives. In fact, during his final semester as an undergraduate, Bell worked as an intern at NARA (he credits Dr. Angelyn Hayes, Clayton State director of Career Services, for her role in finding what sounds like the ideal internship), researching federal slave trade laws and compiled the finding aid for the salve trade. Upon graduation, he was hired as a student employee with NARA, serving as an archives technician and working extensively with court records from the antebellum period and NASA records from Marshall Space Flight Center relating to von Braun. He has also assisted visiting scholars and authors working on various research projects.

“I was offered a student position during the internship and began work last summer after graduation,” he says of his NARA position. “It’s rare for a history major to actually get a job `doing’ history, so I feel very lucky. A day doesn’t go by that I’m not thinking about some historical issue or researching something. I am frequently stationed in the Research Room, so this requires a little bit of knowledge about a lot of things. Working in there makes you realize how much you don’t know about the world.”

Still, he does have knowledge “about a lot of things.” Whereas most historians are likely to focus on a single subject or a single period in history, Bell, in addition to his NASA and antebellum work for NARA is also well-versed in medieval history, having presented a paper at the Medieval-Renaissance Conference at the University of Virginia’s College at Wise in the fall of 2007.

“I’m not sure how it happened,” he says of his multiplicity of historical interests. “I have always been fascinated with the medieval period in Europe. I was lucky enough to spend a couple of weeks in Europe about 10 years ago and was captivated by the sheer number of old buildings, artifacts, and historic sites throughout the region. It seemed that everywhere you went there was some aspect of the past that remained; a past that was much older than anything in the U.S.

“Regarding the 20th Century, I became interested in the Space Age while working on my senior thesis. The theme of that semester was the 1950’s, and I wrote about the formation of NASA. The Space Age is interesting because it is something completely new in world history. Never before have humans been able to escape the earth and this has far reaching consequences for nearly every nation on the planet.”

As a native of metro Atlanta, Bell points out that you can’t really grow up in the South and escape discussions of the Civil War and slavery. However, he says that his main interest lies more with the colonial and early republic period.

“I find this period of U.S. history interesting for similar reasons as the Space Age,” he explains. “It was an experiment of a new type of government, however flawed in some ways -- slavery being only one example.

“The person from this period who is most interesting to me is Thomas Jefferson. He represents well the conflict in America during that early period -- he argued for freedom from oppression, yet he was a slave owner; he wanted to establish a nation of yeoman farmers, yet was wedded to the aristocracy.”

While “doing” history with NARA, Bell is also doing history in the MALS program, working towards his masters degree with a concentration in History.

“The breadth of the MALS program appealed to me from the start,” he says. “I liked the idea of a broad grounding in the liberal arts, especially in this era of almost extreme academic specialization. The kind of scope offered by the program will give me room to explore and find the right topic for my master’s thesis.”

Bell, who hopes to enter a Ph.D. program after earning his masters, credits current Clayton State History professors Dr. Adam Tate, Dr. Marko Maunula, Dr. Christopher Ward and retired professors Dr. Eugene Hatfield and Dr. Robert Welborn for their influence.

“I have bent Dr. Tate’s ear on numerous occasions and he has always been full of advice and a great sounding board to my questions and research ideas,” he says. “I would also add that I was very lucky to have been able to take classes as an undergrad from Drs. Welborn and Hatfield before their retirement.

“All of the professors I have worked with in the MALS program have been very helpful answering questions about graduate school, getting into a Ph.D. program, publications, conferences, and other matters of importance to academic dreamers like me.”

A unit of the University System of Georgia, Clayton State University is an outstanding comprehensive metropolitan university located 15 miles southeast of downtown Atlanta.
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Monday, November 17, 2008

"Come and Take It!" November 21 and 22

These famous words "Come and take it!" were defiantly said to the British back on November 25, 1778, by American Col. John McIntosh. The British withdrew only to return 45 days later when Fort Morris fell.

The weekend of November 21-22 will take park visitors back to the times of the American Revolution. On November 21, Rita Elliott, will discuss findings of her archaelogical study. November 22 will be an encampment complete with colonial demonstrations and a skirmish.

To learn more about Georgia's history and the importance of Fort Morris during the American Revolution and the War of 1812, be sure to visit the park outside of Midway. For more information, call 912-884-5999.

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Friday, November 14, 2008

The Constitution- What Do You Know?

For the last two years, there has been a survey conducted by on the general knowledge base of Americans on the Constitution. The results are interesting to review.

Do you know the history of the Constitution? Do you know about the first Constitution of the United States? Do you want to learn more about the document which the cornerstone of our government?

Click here to see the results.

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Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Fayetteville DAR Honors Veterans on Veterans Day

The James Waldrop Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution placed a wreath at the Peachtree City Veterans Memorial on Veterans Day. Regent Betty Harrah of Fayetteville stated, "Today is November 11, 2008, Veterans Day, a day set aside to honor all the men and women who have served this country from the battlefields of the Revolutionary War to the battlefields of today. Often times we might forget what these soldiers have gone through to ensure the freedoms we have today. Where would we be without their sacrifices."

"They left their families, homes, jobs, farms to serve and protect our country," she continued. "Today marks the 90th anniversary of the Armistice that ended World War I, the 11th hour, 11th day, 11th month, 1918. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Armistice Day, November 11, 1919. It was changed to Veterans Day when President Dwight Eisenhower signed it into law on May 26, 1954 to honor all veterans. When we see someone who has served our country, not just on Veterans Day, but every day, be sure and say "Thank You". There is a quote: "If you can read, thank a teacher; if it is in English, thank a veteran". We love you, we respect you and we thank you."

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Sunday, November 9, 2008

Krystallnacht - 70 Years Ago Tonight

Lest the world forgets-

The 70th anniversary of Krystallnacht, The Night of Broken Glass, in Germany is November 9-10. While the world largely ignored the events happening in Nazi Germany in the 1930s, time has not forgotten.

During the nights of Krystallnacht, attacks were made on Jewish people in Germany and in Austria. In retrospect, it was condoned and even encouraged by Goebbels, Hitler's Chief of Propaganda.

Many now feel the Krystallnacht events are the actual beginning of the Holocaust.

Read world history. Learn more about the events that have shaken up the world. Learn so we don't repeat the past.

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Thursday, November 6, 2008

UWG Ingram Library Hosts WWII Exhibit Through December 12

In observance of Veterans Day, the Ingram Library at the University of West Georgia will host a photograph exhibit, “Images of Small Town Americans in World War II,” from Tuesday, Nov. 4 through Friday, Dec. 12. The exhibit is free and the community is welcome to attend.

The personal collections of 18 men and women who served in Europe, the Pacific and North Africa in World War II documents a pivotal time in these soldiers’ lives and in American and world history.

In 2000, Smyrna resident Patricia Burns started collecting veterans’ oral histories and historical war items for the Smyrna Museum. The photographs in the exhibit were contributed from the veterans’ personal collections.

“These pictures show their youth, vibrancy and contribution during World War II, which forever changed them and the world,” said Burns. “They are also a reminder of so many young men and women who never made it home to grow old.”

The photographs tell the stories of U.S. Navy Signalman Grady “Pete” Burnette, First Lieutenant Dorothy “Dot” Bacon, Technical Sergeant Edward LaPorta and Private First Class Arthur Crowe, Jr.

Burnette hitchhiked from Powder Springs to Atlanta to join the Navy and fought in the Battle of the Java Sea, a major naval Pacific campaign of WWII, on a small destroyer. When the Japanese sank the small destroyer, he was captured and made a prisoner of war for more than three years.
Bacon, of Sumter, SC, served as a nurse in an English hospital during the war, where she worked long hours patching and suturing patients when the surgeons were too busy to do it.

LaPorta, an Italian immigrant, was one of 20 men in his company of 220 to survive the invasion of North Africa. Taken prisoner by the Germans, he was confined to camps in Italy and Germany. On transfer from one German camp to another, he refused to abandon a sick friend, pulling him on a make shift sled and then carrying him the remaining 80 miles, saving his life.

Crowe dropped out of The Citadel to join the army and participated in the Invasion of Normandy where he drove a truck off a landing barge and nearly drowned.

On an advance survey team in the Cherbourg Peninsula, he encountered a retreating German division and using the code word “serenade” helped communicate an order to attack that ultimately launched 800 artillery shells within a 20-second period.

Ingram Library hours are Monday through Thursday, 7:30 a.m. – 2 a.m.; Friday, 7:30 a.m. – 6 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.; and Sunday, 2 p.m. – 2 a.m.

For more information, call 678-839-5337.

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Tuesday, November 4, 2008

Prominent Historian to Deliver Lecture on Religion in The South November 4

Paul Harvey, Ph.D., will present the 2008 Lamar Memorial Lecture Series of Mercer University, on Tuesday, Nov. 4, on the University’s Macon campus. Harvey, a history professor at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, will present lectures around the theme: “Moses, Jesus and the Trickster in the Evangelical South.” All lectures are free and open to the public.

Harvey will present a lecture titled “Religion, Race, and Southern Ideas of Freedom,” on Nov. 4 – to be held at 7:30 p.m. in the Medical School Auditorium.

In its 51 years, the Lamar Lecture Series has become one of the most prominent Lectures series on Southern Culture and History, and has included presentations by renowned historians, sociologists and literary scholars.

“Harvey continues this legacy of engaging Southern culture with an intriguing series of lectures that center on religious experiences in the American South,” said lecture series director Sarah Gardner, Ph.D., associate professor of History at Mercer. “Harvey is the first scholar to address the religious experience of the South since Sam Hill gave the lectures in 1979.”

Dr. Harvey is the author of two books, including: “Redeeming the South: Religious Cultures and Racial Identities Among Southern Baptists, 1865-1925” and “Freedom’s Coming: Religious Culture and the Shaping of the South from the Civil War through the Civil Rights Era.” Harvey has three books that are under contract to be published as well: “Jesus in Red, White and Black” (co-authored with Edward J. Blum), “A History of African American Religion,” and the book “Moses, Jesus and the Trickster in the Evangelical South” based on his Lamar Lectures.

Dr. Harvey has also edited several works, including: “Themes in Religion and American Culture,” “The Columbia Documentary History of Religion in America since 1945” and “The Columbia Guide to Religion in American History.” Dr. Harvey has two editing projects underway: “Sources in Religion and American Culture and Religion, Race” and “American Ideas of Freedom: From the 17th Century to the Present.”

Dr. Harvey has published numerous papers, articles and book chapters in the areas of Southern history, culture and religion. He earned his Ph.D. from University of California, Berkeley, 1992.

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Monday, November 3, 2008


Let us step back in time and see what the Fayetteville News had to say in 1891

                                              THE FAYETTEVILLE NEWS
                                                     March 13,1891

                                                Carriage Nomenclature

The popular Hanson carriage derives its distinguishing title from Mr. Hanson. The Brougham carriage, which was first used by the famous lord Brougham, took its

title from that nobleman.

Hacks originally were termed hackney coaches, because they were drawn by hackney, the name applied to easy going, safe pacing horses.

                                              To Tell the Age of Horses

The other day we met a gentleman from Alabama, who gave us a piece of information into accessing the age of a horse after it has passed the ninth year, which was quite new to us, and will be, we are sure, to most of our readers. It is this; after a horse is 9 years old a wrinkle comes in the eye lid at the upper corner of the lower lid, and every year there after he has one well defined wrinkle for each year of his age over 9 years old.
If for instance a horse  has 3 wrinkles, he is twelve, so says the gentleman, and he is confident it will never fail.

                                             News and Notes for Women

Dress skirts for street wear are lengthening in spite of all protest. But extremely tidy women do not adopt them.

Very beautiful and stylish are the new Paris Challies just introduced. The patterns run to the buds and blossoms of all the flowers. The style most in use for luncheon parties is

pure white with this, any ornamental and floral decorations my be employed.

The complaint from London is that dresses are growing longer and more inconvenient, and the dress suspender is coming into use. young ladies with oval faces may put their tresses in the middle and comb them in well-defined curves on either side of the brow.
The careful manner with which Queen Victoria compiles and  corrects the "court circular"

entitles her to be termed the leading editor in all her realms.

submitted by CB Glover

Deplorable Financial Conditions According to President

HH Note: Lest we forget our history-

"Deplorable, however, as may be our present financial condition, we may yet indulge in bright hopes for the future. No other nation has ever existed which could have endured such violent expansions and contractions of paper credits without lasting injury; yet the buoyancy of youth, the energies of our population, and the spirit which never quails before difficulties will enable us soon to recover from our present financial embarrassments, and may even occasion us speedily to forget the lesson which they have taught. In the meantime it is the duty of the Government, by all proper means within its power, to aid in alleviating the sufferings of the people occasioned by the suspension of the banks and to provide against a recurrence of the same calamity. Unfortunately, in either aspect of the ease it can do but little.... "

President James Buchanan
First Annual Message
December 8, 1857

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Friday, October 31, 2008

Governor Perdue Proclaims November as American Indian Heritage Month

Governor Sonny Perdue recently signed a proclamation declaring November as American Indian Heritage Month in Georgia. On hand to witness the proclamation were Georgia State Society Daughters of the American Revolution State Anerican Indian Chairman Carolyn Balog (l) and Georgia State Society Daughters of the American Revolution Regent, Barbara Chastain (r).

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Thursday, October 30, 2008

National American Indian Heritage Month

When you were born, you cried and the world rejoiced. Live your life so that when you die, the world cries and you rejoice. - Cherokee

November is a time of excitement as Americans vote in our National Election, and plan for the upcoming feast on Thanksgiving. How many Americans take the time to stop and reflect on the first Americans? How many of us take the time to learn more about these Americans?

What do you think of when you hear American Indian? Do you think of the early western films so popular in our culture 50 years ago? Does it conjure up visions of war whoops while attacking white settlers? Do you remember the Trail of Tears when the Cherokee Indians were forced to leave Georgia? Does it remind you of the valor of these men who understood the need to fight for honor, land and country during World War II? Perhaps, you think of a young maiden named Pocahontas of whom legends are still passed down? What an impact Pocahontas and other brave Native Americans had.

November is National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month. This celebration of our tribal nations first began at the turn of the 20th century with the Boy Scouts.

In 1915, a formal proclamation was made by the Rev. Sheraman Coolidge, an Arapahoe, to celebrate the contributions of America's first residents and called for their recognition as American citizens.

It wasn't until 1990 when President Bush signed the proclamation for National American Indian Heritage Month that it became a national celebration. Take time to learn more about the first Americans and their contributions to our way of life today. Take the time to understand the sacrifices they have made in the name of America.

Fayette Front Page Staff Report

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Wednesday, October 29, 2008

Former Agents Commission Presentation Commemorating the FBI’s 100th Anniversary

On July 26, 2008, the FBI celebrated its 100th anniversary as an intelligence and national security agency. Growing from a small group of 34 investigators into an organization with more than 30,000 employees, the Bureau has proudly played - and continues to play - a unique and prominent role in ensuring the safety and freedom of all Americans. To commemorate this century of service, the Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI, Inc. commissioned “The FBI: A Century of Excellence (Legacy and Legends, Part II),” a multimedia presentation that is available for viewing on its Web site at
According to former Society President Richard J. Bernes, “While the FBI is familiar to every American, many are not aware of the Bureau’s roots or how it has successfully evolved to contend with the ever-changing threats that face our nation. ‘The FBI: A Century of Excellence (Legacy and Legends, Part II)’ provides viewers with insight into the leadership, expertise, courage, and integrity that defined the FBI of yesterday and continue to distinguish it today.”
“The FBI: Legacy and Legends, Part I” - honoring the Bureau’s ongoing efforts to protect the United States and its citizens at home and abroad - is also available on the Society’s Web site at

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Monday, October 27, 2008

"Anne Frank: A History for Today" Exhibit at Georgia Southern University Museum November 2

The Georgia Southern University Museum is hosting “Anne Frank: A History for Today” beginning November 2, 2008.

“Anne Frank: A History for Today” chronicles the Holocaust through the eyes of Anne Frank and her family. The goal of the exhibit is to confront issues of prejudice and intolerance and to educate young people about the positive values of diversity.

Consisting of 55 large panels, this exhibit juxtaposes photographs of the Frank family with photographs depicting historical events during that time. The goal is to show how persecuted people, such as the Frank family, were affected by political decisions and by the actions and beliefs of individuals. The exhibit invites people to view and think about prejudice, discrimination, hate and violence. It also encourages them to think about their own attitudes and beliefs.

Also part of the exhibit is “The Anne Frank Secret Hiding Place,” an artist’s representation of what the secret hiding place was like. The exhibit’s visitors will also have the opportunity to view a brief film, “The Short Life of Anne Frank.”

The exhibit is sponsored by The Anne Frank Center U.S.A. Through this exhibit and others, the center has introduced over four million young people to the story of Anne Frank. The goal of the exhibit is to confront issues of prejudice and intolerance and to educate young people about the positive values of diversity.

Accompanying the exhibit is “Witness to the Holocaust: WWII Veteran William A. Scott at Buchenwald.” This exhibit documents the liberation of Buchenwald through the lens of U.S. Army photojournalist William A. Scott, III. Scott was a member of a segregated African-American unit during World War II. This exhibit shows how powerful discrimination can be and teaches respect for diversity.

The exhibit will be on display from November 2 – December 3, 2008. The public is invited to an opening reception on November 3, 2008 at 3:00 p.m. The reception includes a lecture, “In the Shadow of the Swastika” by Sylvia Wygoda, director of the Georgia Commission on the Holocaust.

In coordination with the exhibit and Veteran’s Day, the Magellan String Quartet will present an informal concert “Death, Destruction, and Liberation in Music from WWII” at the museum at 4:15 p.m. on November 11, 2008.

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Friday, October 24, 2008

Princeton Professor to Speak on Marriage and Slavery in Lecture at UGA

Tera W. Hunter, Franklin Visiting Scholar and professor of history and African-American studies at Princeton University, will deliver a lecture titled “Until Death or Distance Do You Part: Marriage and Slavery in the Nineteenth Century” on Thursday, Nov. 6, at 4 p.m. in the University of Georgia Chapel.

The lecture is open free to the public. It is part of the History Graduate Student Association Lecture Series.

Hunter’s research interests include the history of slavery and freedom, gender, the South and labor. Her forthcoming book is entitled “Until Death or Distance Do You Part”: Marriage and Slavery in the Nineteenth Century. Hunter’s first book: To ‘Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors after the Civil War (Harvard University Press, 1997) received several prizes including the H. L. Mitchell Award from the Southern Historical Association.

The event is sponsored by the Franklin College Office of Inclusion and Diversity Leadership, the Willson Center for the Humanities and Arts, the department of history, Institute for Women’s Studies, Southern Historical Association, Institute for African American Studies and the History Graduate Student Association.

A book signing will follow the lecture.

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Thursday, October 23, 2008

Duke Anthropologist Translates Poems Lost During Holocaust

Even before she was sent away to a concentration camp, Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger sensed her fate.

In her last poem, “Tragedy,” dated Dec. 23, 1941, the Romanian teen-ager wrote:

This is the hardest: to give yourself away
and then to see that no one needs you,
to give all of yourself and realize
you'll fade like smoke and leave no trace.

Selma died a year later of typhus in a Nazi labor camp, but her handwritten album of poetry survived -- passed between the hands of Selma’s friends across Europe before ending up in Israel. Her friends eventually organized a private publishing of a small edition of her works and that edition was later picked up by a German publishing house. Slowly, Selma’s poetry and story was brought to life.

Now, Duke University professor Irene Silverblatt and her twin sister Helene have edited and helped translate Selma’s work for an English-speaking audience. Working on Harvest of Blossoms: Poems from a Life Cut Short, which was published this month by Northwestern University Press, had special significance for the Silverblatts -- Selma was their cousin.

“Although neither of us believed in miracles, it is a miracle that Selma’s poetry survived,” write the Silverblatts in the book’s introduction.

Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger was a typical teenage girl. Growing up in the cosmopolitan town of Czernowitz, Romania during the 1930s, Selma was passionate about life and art: she loved to dance, spent hours strolling in Czernowitz’s parks, and fervently discussed literature and politics with friends. She expressed herself -– from love and heartbreak over her boyfriend, to observations about nature and the world around her, to fear and anxiety over political upheaval –- by writing poetry throughout her teens.

In the summer of 1941, German and Romanian troops invaded Czernowitz and deported Selma and her family to a Nazi labor camp. But before this occurred, Selma compiled the more than 50 poems she had written in an album she titled Blütenelse (Harvest of Blossoms) and gave them to a friend for safekeeping. Selma dedicated the poems to her boyfriend, who was among the group of people who preserved the album over the years.

The Silverblatt sisters were inspired to bring Selma’s poetry and life story to a wider audience after attending a ceremony in 2004 to commemorate the building where Selma’s family lived in Czernowitz, now known as Chernivtsi in Ukraine.

“Today’s residents are re-exploring this past which they never knew about,” Irene Silverblatt says, referring to the post-war exclusion of the Holocaust experience for Jews in Ukrainian schools. “To see this new understanding, this recognition of a forgotten history, is very moving.”

A cultural anthropologist by training, Irene Silverblatt spent most of her academic career studying colonialism in Latin America. While researching Jewish communities in Eastern Europe before and during the Holocaust was a new area for her, she says her academic background helped her understand the broader historical forces that shaped Selma’s life.

“I hope that as people read about Selma, they get a sense of the tragedy suffered by anybody -- Jew or non-Jew -- who has been forced to go through this kind of hell. But I also hope they see that, in spite of all the horrors, Selma insisted on humanity and she did so by writing poetry,” she says.

Silverblatt describes herself as “a fanatic about trying to find as much as I could about Selma and her circumstances.” Through memoirs kept by Selma’s friends, the Silverblatts discovered that Selma was an “alert, sparkling, mischievous” girl full of “liveliness and irreverence.” Former friends described Selma as having “dark shiny eyes, curly, unmanageable hair, and a scattering of freckles across her shapely nose.”

“Even surrounded by the ghetto’s misery, Selma could find poetry in green-eyed flies and joyous asters, as well as in hungry farmers and inexplicable murders, and the impact [of those things] reverberated in this young person’s mind and inspired her words,” Silverblatt observes. “Writing was crucial to her life.”

Working on the project has sparked a new direction in Silverblatt’s scholarship –- an endeavor that has been supported by her colleagues at Duke.

“Duke is an innovative institution that recognizes the importance of interdisciplinary work and how thinking outside your field can help you think outside the box,” she says.

Silverblatt’s current research tries to make sense of the growing interest in Selma’s work. Over the last five years, Selma’s poems have piqued the interest of European playwrights, cabaret artists, pop stars, professors and city officials. Among those drawn to Selma’s story is J.M. Coetzee, South African author and winner of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature, who wrote of the book, “The voice of this young woman, with her luminous intimations of the fullness of life, comes to us heartrendingly across the years.”

Silverblatt is currently teaching a course on the politics of memory and a graduate seminar on nationalism, both of which grew out of her experience bringing Selma’s poems and story to life.

“I am interested in how people make sense of the past; how history is remembered and how certain parts of history become a living presence and others are suppressed. What is the meaning of art in people’s lives? How are a nation’s obligations to the past reflected in how Selma’s issues are understood?

“I hope that Selma becomes a living presence for those who read her poetry.”

By Andrea Fereshteh

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Arts Across Georgia

UWG: Waring Lecture Series Features Reitz October 24

The Antonio J. Waring Jr. Distinguished Lecture Series will present environmental archeologist Dr. Elizabeth Reitz on Friday, Oct. 24, at 7:30 p.m. at the University of West Georgia.

This must see event for anyone interested in archaeology, history and how people use the environment will take place in the Kathy Cashen Recital Hall where the professor of anthropology will share her experiences in the field and in the lab at this prestigious annual event. The presentation is free and the community is invited to attend.

Reitz is a professor of anthropology at the University of Georgia and is internationally recognized as an expert on human use of animal resources, especially in maritime environments. Her lecture, “5,000 Years of Fishing on the Georgia Coast,” is sure to interest science and history buffs of all ages.

“I would like to encourage people to look to the past as a way to understand the present and as a window into the future,” said Reitz. “And to think holistically about the human experience.”

On her website, Reitz wrote: “I base my research on the study of animal remains from archaeological sites, for which purpose I manage the Zooarchaeology Laboratory. The lab specializes in the identification of vertebrate remains and contains a comparative skeletal collection of 4,200 vertebrate and invertebrate specimens from throughout the southeastern United States and adjacent waters, as well as from the Caribbean.”

The lab and its contents have been used since 1977 in support of archaeological research, service and training, during which time more than 200 archaeological faunal assemblages from the southeastern United States, the Caribbean basin, Peru, and Ecuador have been studied. Faunal Assemblage is an archeological term describing fossils found together in the same layer of rock or soil.

Reitz will spend the day on campus as a guest at the Antonio J. Waring Jr. Archeology Laboratory and in several anthropology classes before the lecture. The Department of Anthropology and the Waring Lab will host the annual event.

The lecture series is funded through the largest endowment given to an anthropology department in the state of Georgia. The Waring endowment also funds the operation of the Waring Lab and an endowed professorship in Anthropology at UWG.

For more information, call 678-839-6454.

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Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Civil Rights Digital Library Wins Award for Archival Excellence

The Civil Rights Digital Library is the 2008 winner of an Award for Excellence in Archival Program Development conferred by the Georgia Historical Records Advisory Board. Georgia Secretary of State Karen Handel and GHRAB chairperson Ross King presented the award as part of the GHRAB Awards ceremony at the Georgia Archives in Morrow on Oct. 6. The CRDL is a GALILEO initiative based at the University of Georgia.

The Civil Rights Digital Library is an archive of news film and related historical materials from educational institutions across the U.S. According to P. Toby Graham, director of the Digital Library of Georgia, it is the most ambitious and comprehensive initiative to date to provide educational content on the Civil Rights Movement via the Web.

“The University Libraries have been proud to play a leadership role in developing the Civil Rights Digital Library,” said William Gray Potter, university librarian, “and we are pleased that GHRAB shares our enthusiasm for this important initiative.”

The CRDL promotes an enhanced understanding of the movement through its three principal components: a digital video archive delivering 30 hours of historical news film; a civil rights portal providing drawing together holdings from more than 90 libraries and allied organizations across the nation; and instructional materials to facilitate the use of the video content in the learning process.

The Civil Rights Digital Library receives financial support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute for Museum and Library Services.

The CRDL will continue to grow through its partnerships with allied organizations across the U.S.

The Georgia Historical Records Advisory Board (GHRAB) works to promote preservation, access, and educational use of Georgia’s documentary heritage. Its twelve members are appointed by the governor.

See the Civil Rights Digital Library online at

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Tuesday, October 21, 2008

Hunley Men Remembered

HH Note: This entry was written by the author of Geni-Tales, a genealogy blog on the Fayette Front Page. With permission, we have included in our history section.

The discovery of the Hunley and its crew continues to amaze genealogists, history buffs and the general public. Recently, I visited the Hunley Memorial at Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston, SC, where our family placed wreaths in memory of all sea faring men who have perished in the service of their country.

It was eerily quiet in the cemetery. We followed the signs to the memorial. While on our way down the long paths, we found many beautiful old tombs from the time of the Civil War. Magnolia Cemetery is the final resting place of many an early Charleston family. You can easily follow the history of the area just by looking at the many names.

It was a surprise to learn the Hunley had three crews which had perished in her history. As the 145th anniversary of the loss of the second crew has just been observed within the last week, I find it fitting to remember the crew.

Horace Hunley was aboard this training mission of the Hunley on October 15, 1863, when it sank. Once again, the Confederacy raised the Hunley from the ocean, only to have it sink again in February 1864.

The story of the Hunley is fascinating. To learn more, click here.

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Monday, October 20, 2008

Emory Crawford Long Hospital Celebrates 100th Anniversary

Crawford Long Hospital opened on October 21, 1908 with 26 beds near the present-day Turner Field.

Join Emory Crawford Long Hospital as it celebrates its 100th anniversary in Atlanta. Register for the tours at 404-778-2000.

Tuesday, October 21, 2008
• 7:30 a.m. Historic Tour
• 11:30 a.m. Historic Tour
• 2 – 4 p.m. Cake and Ice Cream
• 3:30 p.m. Time Capsule
Burial Ceremony
• 4 p.m. Historic Tour

Wednesday, October 22, 2008
Outside Seasonings Café
• 2 – 4 a.m. Cake and Ice Cream
Saturday, October 25, 2008
Outside Seasonings Café
• 2 – 4 p.m. Cake and Ice Cream
• 6 – 8 p.m. Cake and Ice Cream

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Friday, October 17, 2008

"Today in Fayetteville" Dec. 4, 1903

 Another look into our past. Cold weather seems to be plaguing our relatives in late 1903

                        The Fayetteville News

                             December 4, 1903


                                OAK GROVE


The extremely cold weather put our people behind with their work. A few warm days now and we will be through gathering some small grain saved and some plowing done proprietary to another crop.


George Carder and family left last Monday for south Georgia. We wish them health and success in their new home.


Miss ellie shipp has been suffering with her left hand of late.


We are glad to know that Jeff nations is improving very rapidly. He had the miss fortune to get both arms broken by being thrown over the shafting at his fathers gin.


A wee lady is stopping with Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Lloyd.


                                 FOR SHERIFF


I hearby announce myself a candidate for reelection for sheriff of this county. I desire to sincerely thank my friends for their support in the past.... Albert P Sams

submitted and researched by CB Glover